An appropriate water supply is important, particularly at the start of flowering and during the development of pods.
Phosphorus and potassium should be applied based on offtake or balanced within the crop rotation.
According to their geographical origin, soybeans are a short-day plant, which delays its flowering phase. Its slow crop development highlights the importance of weed control. Soybeans require a warm and moist climate as well as aerated soils. For planting, the soil needs a minimum soil temperature of 10 °C. Like legumes, the plants are able to capture nitrogen from the air and soybeans have an extensive root system. Therefore, soybeans are able to improve soil structure and are a very valuable component of crop rotations. In order to avoid the disease Sklerotinia rot, cropping intervals of 4 to 5 years are recommended. Soybeans tend to be planted at the same time as maize. Inoculation with Rhizobium bacteria is necessary if planted for the first time and increases yields if done for repeated cropping.